Between one and five percent of people have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). FASD is a developmental disability with onset prior to birth. The disorder is manifest as increasing risk for birth defects, growth impairments, intellectual disability, mental disorders, neuropsychological deficits, substance abuse, and sensory impairments. These are accompanied by life-impairing deficits in adaptive behaviors, which strongly influence the capacity for independent living.
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