by Mark D. Colley funds. Consequently, the government ends up in various forms of civil and commercial litigation all the time. When it transacts business in the obscured realm of classified progrram or in the “black world,” what would otherwise have a public character takes on a host of added complexities. My personal introduction to the world of classified litigatiio came in the context of a bid protest. Because public funds are at stake, the loser in the competition for a federal governmeen...