In 2011, the North Carolina General Assembly drew a new congressional redistricting map to ensure that North Carolina’s congressional districts would comply with the one-person, one-vote requirement in the wake of the 2010 census. Shortly thereafter, several organizations brought suit in state court challenging two of those districts as unconstitutional racial gerrymanders. The state court rejected their claims in full, concluding that the General Assembly drew one district based on political, not racial, considerations, and that it drew the other in a manner narrowly tailored to achieve the State’s compelling interest in complying with the Voting Rights Act. Dissatisfied with that result, two members of one of the plaintiff organizations brought this suit challenging the same two districts on the same grounds. The parties even submitted the state court record in full. Without even acknowledging the direct conflict with the state court case that its decision produced, the district court reached precisely the opposite conclusion.
The question presented is:
Whether the First and Twelfth Districts of North Carolina’s 2011 congressional redistricting plan are unconstitutional racial gerrymanders.
In Support of Appellant:
- Brief for Southeastern Legal Foundation and the Center for Equal Opportunity in Support of Appellant
In Support of Appellees:
- Brief for the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law in Support of Appellees
- Brief for the Campaign Legal Center, the League of Women Voters, the Voting Rights Institute, the Racial Justice Project at New York Law School, the National Council of Jewish Women, and the National Association of Social Workers in Support of Appellees
- Brief for Constitutional Accountability Center in Support of Appellees
- Brief for the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law in Support of Appellees
- Brief for the United States in Support of Appellees
In Support of Neither Party: