December 06, 2018

Statement of ABA President Bob Carlson Re: Preserving judicial independence in Mexico

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WASHINGTON, Dec. 5, 2018 — The strength of any democracy rests on the ability of its judges to impartially interpret and apply the law. As part of their economic independence, the judiciary must be able to participate effectively in the preparation of their budgets and in any budget-related deliberations in the legislature.

In Mexico, Congress recently passed a law to substantially reduce federal judges’ salaries. This could pose a direct threat to the independence of Mexico’s judiciary. The UN Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights have stated that pay levels for the justice operators must be commensurate with their responsibilities and the nature of their functions. In addition, poorly paid justice actors are one of the obstacles to their ability to perform their functions independently, free of pressures exerted from external actors.

There can be no effective rule of law, nor an effective reduction of corruption, without a strong and independent judiciary, free from interference from other branches of government. The ABA believes that only a strong, well-respected and independent judiciary can aspire to eliminate corruption and uphold democracy.

The ABA calls on Mexico’s highest political authorities to preserve the judiciary’s independence as one of the most important cornerstones of the rule of law.  

With more than 400,000 members, the American Bar Association is one of the largest voluntary professional membership organizations in the world. As the national voice of the legal profession, the ABA works to improve the administration of justice, promotes programs that assist lawyers and judges in their work, accredits law schools, provides continuing legal education, and works to build public understanding around the world of the importance of the rule of law. View our privacy statement online. Follow the latest ABA news at www.americanbar.org/news and on Twitter @ABANews.

ABA Impulsa la Preservación de la  Independencia Judicial en México

WASHINGTON, 5 Dec., 2018 — La fuerza de cualquier democracia se basa en la capacidad de sus jueces de aplicar e interpretar imparcialmente la ley. Como parte de su independencia económica, el poder judicial debe poder participar de manera efectiva en la preparación de sus presupuestos y en las deliberaciones del Congreso que estén relacionadas con su presupuesto. En México, el Congreso recientemente aprobó una ley para reducir sustancialmente los salarios de los jueces federales. Esto podría representar una amenaza directa para la independencia del poder judicial de México. El Relator Especial sobre la Independencia de los Juecesy Abogados de las Naciones Unidas y la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, han señalado que los salarios de los operadores de justicia  deben ser acordes con la naturaleza de sus funciones y sus responsabilidades. Asimismo, los operadores de justicia mal pagados son uno de los obstáculos para que puedan desempeñar sus funciones de manera independiente, libre de presiones de  actores externos.

No puede haber un estado de derecho efectivo, ni una reducción efectiva de la corrupción, sin un poder judicial fuerte e independiente, libre de interferencia de otras ramas del gobierno.

La ABA considera que solo un poder judicial fuerte, respetable e independiente puede aspirar a eliminar la corrupción y a defender la democracia.

La ABA hace un llamado a las más altas autoridades políticas de México para preservar la independencia del poder judicial como uno de los pilares más importantes del estado de derecho.