Artificial Intelligence in Health Care : Applications and Legal Issues

Vol. 14 No. 1

W. Nicholson Price II, PhD (wnp@umich.edu) is an assistant professor of law at the University of Michigan Law School. His work focuses on innovation in the life sciences, with a significant emphasis on the use of big data and artificial intelligence in health care.

artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly moving to change the healthcare system. Driven by the juxtaposition of big data and powerful machine learning techniques—terms I will explain momentarily—innovators have begun to develop tools to improve the process of clinical care, to advance medical research, and to improve efficiency. These tools rely on algorithms, programs created from healthcare data that can make predictions or recommendations. However, the algorithms themselves are often too complex for their reasoning to be understood or even stated explicitly. Such algorithms may be best described as “black-box.”1 This article briefly describes the concept of AI in medicine, including several possible applications, then considers its legal implications in four areas of law: regulation, tort, intellectual property, and privacy.

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