Researchers are now realizing the promise of molecular biology and genomic engineering. In the United States, President Obama has prioritized innovations in genomic research and therapies with funding infusions into national programs such as the Precision Medicine Initiative and the Cancer MoonShot 2020. More than a decade after the completion of the Human Genome Project, our understanding of the human genome has now ushered us into the era of genetic modification capabilities known as genome editing, or gene editing. Building on the scientific foundation of recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology and human gene transfer research, gene editing enables the alteration of the genetic makeup in a manner that was previously only a theoretical possibility.
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