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Charter of the Forest Resources

Tracing key developments in the history of Charter of the Forest, from its first appearance in England in Magna Carta to today’s international sustainable development efforts.

These resources are targeted toward educators, bar associations, and others interested in the rule of law, the public trust doctrine, environmental protection, and sustainable development.

“Recognizing the Rights of Nature: Lofty Rhetoric or Legal Revolution?” by David R. Boyd, Natural Resources & the Environment, Vol. 32 No. 4, Spring 2018, American Bar Association Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources

"The Charter of the Forest: Evolving Human Rights in Nature," in Magna Carta and the Rule of Law 311, by Professor Nicholas Robinson, (Daniel Barstow Magraw et al., eds. 2014)

“Carta de Foresta: The Charter of the Forest Turns 800,” in Environmental Law Reporter, 47 ELR 10940, by Daniel Magraw and Natalie Thomure (Nov 2017)

"Practitioner's Insights: Charter of the Forest--An Enduring Legacy," in Daily Environment Report, No. 16, Bloomberg BNA, by Steven Miano (Sept 18, 2017)

Magna Carta and the Charter of the Forest, by the Very Reverend Philip Buckler, Dean of Lincoln, Lincoln Cathedral, posted by Magna Carta Trust

Magna Charta: The Charter of the Forest, and the Prerogatives of Kings, by Allen E. Shoenberger, Loyola University Chicago School of Law, 2015, Law eCommons 

The Charter of the Forest, by Carolyn Harris, Dec 17, 2013, at Magna Carta 2015 – Canada 

The Charter of the Forest: Influential partner of historic Magna Carta,” Kent News, March 15, 2015

“The Charter of the Forest,” Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust

Charter of the Forest: Who May Use the King’s Forest? The Meaning of Magna Carta, Commons and Law in Our Time, by David Bollier, Commons Transition, European Commons Assembly

What is forest? Posted by Envirohistory NZ (New Zealand),  November 30, 2011

"Forest Eyre Justices in the Reign of Henry III (1216-1272)," by Ryan Rowberry, Georgia State University College of Law, in William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2016. Available at SSRN

Practitioner’s Insights: The Charter of the Forest – An Enduring Legacy, Steven T. Miano and Isabelle Blouin, in BNA Today, Sept. 19, 2017

Magna Carta and the Forest Charter: Two Stories of Property, Paul Babie, 94 N.C. L. Rev. 1431 (2016). Available at

“How The Forest Charter Was Saved From Destruction,” in Medieval Manuscripts Blog, by Julian Harrison (June 14, 2015)

The National Archives (UK)

The Forest Charter of 1225, The British Library, United Kingdom

Charter of the Forest, 1225, The National Archives, United Kingdom

Charter of the Forest, The Collection, Art & Archeology in Lincolnshire

The Great Charter and Charter of the Forest, with other authentic instruments : to which is prefixed an introductory discourse, containing the history of the charters, William Blackstone, 1759, York University 

Pace Law Professor Nicholas Robinson discusses Charter of the Forest with the BBC

Lesson Plan: Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance,

To ask Her Majesty’s Government what plans they have to mark and celebrate the 800th in 2017 anniversary of the granting of the Charter of the Forest,” UK Parliament  

Our Common Future: Report of the U.N. World Commission on Environment and Development (1987)

Presentation to Lincoln Charter of the Forest Conference, The Charter of the Forest: Evolving Human Rights in Nature, Professor Nicholas Robinson, September 2017

International Forestry Cooperation, 16 U.S.C., Ch. 65

Forest Reserve Act of 1891

Creation of the National Park Service (U.S.A.)

USDA Forest Service

Canada National Parks Act

Sustainable Development Forest Act [Quebec, Canada]

United Nations Food & Agriculture Organization: Forestry

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity

World Heritage Convention

Legal Sustainability Alliance (UK Law Firms)

The Tree Line: Poems for Trees, Woods & People, by Michael McKimm (Worple Press, June 1, 2017)

The Magna Carta Project

“The Charter of the Forest,” Making History, BBC Radio 4 (Aug 1, 2017) (Video)

Charter of the Forest, 1225, The National Archives, United Kingdom