2020-2021 Cases

Trump v. New York

On July 21, 2020, President Trump issued a memorandum directing the secretary of the Department of Commerce, which includes the Census Bureau, to include the number of unauthorized noncitizens in the secretary’s report of the final census count. The president sought this information so that he could exclude unauthorized noncitizens from his determination of the apportionment of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives that, by law, he must send to Congress.

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Fulton v. Philadelphia

Philadelphia’s Department of Human Services (DHS) contracts with private-sector social-service agencies to evaluate and place children with foster parents. DHS’s standard contract includes language that prohibits a contracting agency from discriminating by sexual orientation. When DHS learned that Catholic Social Services, a longtime City contractor in the foster-care program, would not place children with same-sex couples, DHS stopped referring placements to that organization. Catholic Social Services sued, arguing that the move violated its free exercise of religion and free speech under the First Amendment.

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Torres v. Madrid

Janice Madrid and Richard Williamson, two New Mexico State Police officers, shot and wounded Roxanne Torres to restrain her during an investigation. Torres asked the Supreme Court to reverse and hold that whenever the police use deadly force to restrain someone, the police seize that person under the Fourth Amendment, even if the person eludes police custody.

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