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Quick Facts

Learn quick facts about the women's suffrage movement and the ratification of the 19th Amendment.

History/Woman Suffrage Movement Prior to Ratification

Many leaders of the abolitionist movement to end slavery in the nineteenth century also supported woman suffrage in the twentieth century. Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth are examples.

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Many states granted women the right to vote in state and local elections in advance of the ratification of the Constitutional amendment. They included Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Idaho, Washington, California, Oregon, Montana, Arizona, Kansas, Alaska, Illinois, North Dakota, Indiana, Nebraska, Michigan, Arkansas, New York, South Dakota, and Oklahoma.

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Women Voting

While voting rights could no longer be denied because of race or sex, after the 15th and 19th Amendments, many voters still faced ballot restrictions, including registration rules, literacy tests, poll taxes, and moral and residency requirements.

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