Articles & Reports
African American Women and the Nineteenth Amendment
By Sharon Harley, National Parks Service
This article highlights the African American women, often overlooked in the history of woman suffrage, who engaged in significant reform efforts and political activism leading to and following the ratification in 1920 of the Nineteenth Amendment, which barred states from denying American women the right to vote on the basis of their sex.https://www.nps.gov/articles/african-american-women-and-the-nineteenth-amendment.htm
American Bar Association, The 19th Amendment Then and Now: Lessons for the 21st Century
Archived recording of the American Bar Association’s program held on August 9, 2019.
Civics 101: A Podcast, Episode 104: Voting Rights
In this episode, Victoria Bassetti, author of Electoral Dysfunction: A Survival Manual for American Voters, explores voting in American. The Constitution doesn't explicitly guarantee the right to vote, but voting is widely considered to be a fundamental way for citizens to participate in American democracy. Who gets to vote and why?
National Constitution Center We the People Podcast: The History and Meaning of the 19th Amendment
Two leading scholars of the history of women’s rights in America join We the People to discuss this landmark amendment. Gretchen Ritter is a professor of government and the Harold Tanner Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Cornell University. Susan Ware is an independent historian and biographer who has taught at New York University and Harvard University.https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/podcast-the-history-and-meaning-of-the-19th-amendment
National Constitution Center, Interactive Constitution – Women’s Right to Vote
In this series of articles, Nancy Gertner and Gail Heriot discuss the common interpretations of the Nineteenth Amendment and matters of debate surrounding what the Fourteenth Amendment and the Nineteenth Amendment changed for women.
National Constitution Center and Drexel University
Suffrage Movement and the Nineteenth Amendment
Archived video of a December 2018 program on women’s struggles to win the vote and about the lead up to the ratification of the 19th Amendment. Speakers include Dawn Langan Teele, author of Forging the Franchise: The Political Origins of the Women’s Vote, and Elaine Weiss, author of The Woman’s Hour: The Great Fight to Win the Vote.
National Parks Service
The 19th Amendment by State
Click and read through the state by state catalog to learn more about the role that the states and U.S. territories played in ratifying the 19th Amendment.https://www.nps.gov/subjects/womenshistory/19th-amendment-by-state.htm
NPS Storymaps: Women’s Suffrage and the Ratification of the 19th Amendment
Explore the StoryMap to discover the important places associated with the ratification of the 19th Amendment.https://www.nps.gov/gis/storymaps/maptour/v3/index.html?appid=fab3966cc1b447c0b67e96e6ebc12470
Educational Resources for Teaching Middle & High School Students
20 Suffragists to Know for 2020
This online resource provides short biographies of 20 women and men who fought for women's suffrage. They lived across the United States, and came from around the world. Some were active in the battle for women's right to vote in the early 1800s; others worked to educate and enroll voters and for voting rights into the late 1900s and beyond.https://www.nps.gov/subjects/womenshistory/20-for-2020.htm
American Bar Association Division for Public Education
Insights on Law & Society: The 19th Amendment at 100
Insights is a magazine for high school educators of civics, government, history, and law. This issue features scholarly articles and lesson plans on themes related to the legacy of the Nineteenth Amendment.
Women’s Right to Vote
This twenty-five minute video, provides a comprehensive review of the long struggle to win the right to vote for women in this country. It takes viewers through the foundations of defining citizenship, the impact of the Fourteenth Amendment on the suffrage movement, the many tactics taken to win the right to vote including, lawsuits, protests, marches, hunger strikes, and legislative action to change the Constitution with the 19th Amendment, and subsequent action to enforce the protections of the 19th Amendment through the Voting Rights Act. It concludes with the continued fight for equal rights in this country. It features Supreme Court Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Anthony Kennedy, Premilla Nada, Ann Gordon, Mary Frances Berry, Deborah Grey White, and Brooke Kroeger.https://www.annenbergclassroom.org/resource/the-19th-amendment-a-womans-right-to-vote/
Federal Judicial Center, History Office
U.S. v. Susan B. Anthony: The Fight for Women’s Suffrage
When the leading advocate of woman suffrage votes in a federal election, a federal court must decide what political rights are protected by the Constitution. This in-depth case packet provides a narrative, legal questions before the federal courts, arguments in court, judicial timeline, biographies, media and press coverage, and historical documents related to the trial of Susan B. Anthony.