Model Rules of Professional Conduct

The ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct were adopted by the ABA House of Delegates in 1983. They serve as models for the ethics rules of most jurisdictions. Before the adoption of the Model Rules, the ABA model was the 1969 Model Code of Professional Responsibility. Preceding the Model Code were the 1908 Canons of Professional Ethics (last amended in 1963).

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Ethics Opinions

ABA Formal Ethics Opinions are interpretations of the Model Rules of Professional Conduct and the Model Code of Judicial Conduct by the ABA Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility. ABA Formal Opinions are not binding authority in any jurisdiction without adoption in such a jurisdiction. They are persuasive authority and express policy of the American Bar Association.

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Reprints, Licensing & Permissions

For reprint permission please visit the ABA Reprint, Licensing and Permissions webpage for more information.

Journals & Subscriptions

Professional Lawyer

The Professional Lawyer is one of the oldest and most respected periodic publications in the nation dedicated solely to the examination of professional responsibility in the legal profession.

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ABA/BNA Lawyers Manual on Professional Conduct

The ABA/BNA Lawyers' Manual on Professional Conduct is the complete research resource in the field of professional responsibility and the most authoritative source for news and guidance on virtually every aspect of attorney conduct and legal ethics.

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Journal of the Professional Lawyer

The Journal of The Professional Lawyer is an annual publication, which typically features longer articles than the magazine, covering topics in greater depth, in law review format.

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Check out our apps

The Model Rules of Professional Conduct and Model Code of Judicial Conduct are available for Apple iOS devices like iPad, iPhone and iPod. Download the “rulebook” app from the App Store. You can then locate and purchase both our apps under the category of ABA Model Rules.

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