Model Rules for Judicial Disciplinary Enforcement

Table of Contents




Section I. Organization and Structure

Rule 1. Disciplinary Authority
Rule 2. The Commission on Judicial Conduct
A. Purpose
B. Jurisdiction
C. Appointment of Members
D. Terms
E. Vacancies
F. Funding.
Rule 3. Organization and Authority of the Commission
A. Panels and Meetings
B. Officers
C. Quorum
D. Expenses
E. Powers and Duties
F. Recusal
G. Complaints Against Members of the Commission
Rule 4. Disciplinary Counsel
A. Appointment
B. Powers and Duties
Rule 5. Commission Counsel
A. Appointment
B. Powers and Duties

Section II. General Provisions

Rule 6. Grounds for Discipline; Sanctions Imposed; Deferred Discipline Agreement
A. Grounds for Discipline
B. Sanctions
Rule 7. Proof
Rule 8. Civil Rules Applicable
Rule 9. Right to Counsel
Rule 10. Ex Parte Contacts
Rule 11. Confidentiality
A. Proceedings
B. Information
Rule 12. Immunity from Civil Suits
Rule 13. Service
Rule 14. Subpoena Power
A. Oaths
B. Subpoenas for Investigation
C. Subpoenas for Deposition or Hearing
D. Enforcement of Subpoenas
E. Quashing Subpoena
F. Witnesses and Fees
Rule 15. Interim Suspension
A. Criminal Prosecution
B. Definition of "Serious Crime"
C. Other Misconduct
D. Motion for Reconsideration
E. Effect on Commission Action
Rule 16. Notification to Complainant

Section III. Disciplinary Proceedings

Rule 17. Screening and Investigation
A. Screening
B. Preliminary Investigation
C. Full Investigation
D. Disposition After Full Investigation
E. Immunity from Criminal Prosecution
Rule 18. Use of Allegations From Dismissed Cases
Rule 19. Formal Charges
Rule 20. Answer
A. Time
B. Waiver of Privilege
Rule 21. Failure to Answer/Failure to Appear
A. Failure to Answer
B. Failure to Appear
Rule 22. Discovery
A. Witnesses
B. Other Evidence
C. Exculpatory Evidence
D. Duty of Supplementation
E. Completion of Discovery
F. Failure to Disclose
G. Resolution of Disputes
H. Civil Rules Not Applicable
Rule 23. Discipline by Consent
A. Approval
B. Rejection of Sanction
C. Affidavit of Consent
D. Order of Discipline
Rule 24. Hearing
A. Scheduling
B. Hearing Panel
C. Conduct of Hearing
D. Dismissal or Recommendation for Sanction
E. Submission of the Report
F. Notice of Exceptions
G. Notice to {Lawyer Disciplinary Agency}
Rule 25. Review by {Highest Court}
A. Expedited Consideration
B. Brief and Supplementary Filings
C. Stay for Further Proceedings
D. Decision

Section IV. Special Proceedings

Rule 26. Complaint Against a Member of {Highest Court}
A. Proceedings Generally
B. Special Supreme Court
C. Stipulated Dispositions
D. Final Disposition
Rule 27. Cases Involving Allegations of Mental or Physical Incapacity
A. Initiation of Incapacity Proceeding
B. Proceedings to Determine Incapacity Generally
C. Involuntary Commitment or Adjudication of Incompetency
D. Inability to Properly Defend in a Disciplinary Proceeding
E. Stipulated Disposition
F. Appointment to Fill Vacancy
G. Reinstatement from Incapacity Inactive Status

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