In an effort to streamline the onerous, time-consuming process of conducting out-of-state discovery for state court cases, the Uniform Law Commission developed the Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act (UIDDA). Promulgated in 2007, the UIDDA has been adopted by the majority of states and provides a standardized means for litigants to take depositions and obtain discovery from individuals and entities located out of state. The UIDDA harmonizes the out-of-state subpoena process for state court cases with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45.
When seeking out-of-state discovery in a state court proceeding, a litigant must first obtain a subpoena from the state court where the case is venued. The litigant must then present that subpoena to the clerk in the county in which the discovery is sought. Thereafter, the clerk shall promptly issue a local subpoena for service upon the person or entity from whom discovery is sought. It is important to note that the subpoena must comply with all state rules and statutes related to discovery.