October 17, 2019 Feature

The Impeachment of Justice Samuel Chase and the Rise of Judicial Review

Only one justice of the U.S. Supreme Court has ever been impeached, but he was not convicted by the Senate.

Richard A. Dean

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Only one justice of the U.S. Supreme Court has ever been impeached—Samuel Chase—but he was not convicted by the Senate. The story of his impeachment proceedings in 1804 and 1805, most notably published exactly a century ago in the third volume of former senator Albert Beveridge’s The Life of John Marshall (Houghton Mifflin Co. 1919), may show we were even more divided as a country during Chase’s time than we are now.

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