On December 1, 2018, thirty years after the Judicial Conference of the United States first established its Public Access to Court Electronic Records (PACER) system, the Federal Rules of Procedure have made a significant step towards complete electronic filing of papers.
Civil Rules Embrace E-filing
Under revised Rule 5 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, service can now be accomplished by e-filing in addition to all of the other methods. Parties represented by an attorney are now required to e-file all papers, unless the court or local rules require otherwise, whereas unrepresented parties must still file by paper. Moreover, under the revised civil rules, documents filed using the judiciary’s Case Management/Electronic Case Files (CM/ECF) system do not require a certificate of service.
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