At least one appellate court seems to be following the U.S. Supreme Court’s lead in the increasingly expansive interpretation of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)’s overtime pay exemptions, according to ABA Section of Litigation leaders. This emerging trend is not necessarily favorable for employees, leaders say, given recent outcomes in Munoz-Gonzalez v. D.L.C. Limousine Service, Inc. and Flood v. Just Energy Marketing Corporation.
Expansion of the “Taxicab” Exemption
Congress established the FLSA approximately 80 years ago to regulate wage, hour, and overtime standards and to create employer exemptions for overtime pay. The exemptions vary covering salespersons to certain executives to taxicab drivers. In Encino Motorcars, LLC v. Narvarro, the Court advised lower courts not to interpret overtime exemptions narrowly. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit has followed the Court’s lead in two recent cases.
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