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June 02, 2020


A lawyer's conduct should be characterized at all times by personal courtesy and professional integrity in the fullest sense of those terms. In fulfilling our duty to represent a client vigorously as lawyers, we will be mindful of our obligations to the administration of justice, which is a truth-seeking process designed to resolve human and societal problems in a rational, peaceful, and efficient manner.

A judge's conduct should be characterized at all times by courtesy and patiencetoward all participants. As judges we owe to all participants in a legal proceedingrespect, diligence, punctuality, and protection against unjust and improper criticismor attack.

Conduct that may be characterized as uncivil, abrasive, abusive, hostile,or obstructive impedes the fundamental goal of resolving disputes rationally,peacefully, and efficiently. Such conduct tends to delay and often to deny justice.

The following Guidelines are designed to encourage us, judges and lawyers,to meet our obligations to each other, to litigants and to the system of justice,and thereby achieve the twin goals of civility and professionalism, both of which,are hallmarks of a learned profession dedicated to public service.

We encourage judges, lawyers and clients to make a mutual and firm commitmentto these Guidelines.

We support the principles espoused in the following Guidelines, but underno circumstances should these Guidelines be used as a basis for litigation orfor sanctions or penalties.