In 1996, California became the first state to allow for the medical use of marijuana. A few years later, in 2000, Colorado and Nevada followed suit by legalizing medical marijuana use. In the ensuing years, numerous states have adopted legislation providing for the legalization of medical marijuana. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 29 states plus the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico allow use of medical marijuana. Despite the many states—now more than half—with statutes permitting marijuana use for medicinal purposes, many of these laws are silent on whether employers are free to deny employment to those who test positive for medical marijuana.
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