On March 11, 2013, in Melissa Tyler v. Michaels Stores, Inc., 464 Mass. 492, 984 N.E. 2d 737 (2013), the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC), in responding to three certified questions from the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, held: (1) ZIP codes constitute personal identification information (PII); (2) a person may bring an action under General Laws, chapter 93, section 105(a) absent identity fraud; and (3) the term “credit card transaction form” “refers equally to electronic and paper transaction forms.” The questions arose out of a class-action lawsuit against Michaels for allegedly requesting and recording its credit-card customers’ ZIP codes in violation of section 105(a). This decision has parallels to the California Supreme Court decision in Pineda v. Williams-Sonoma Stores, Inc., 51 Cal. 4th 524 (2011). In Pineda, the California Supreme Court held that ZIP codes were PII.
Premium Content For:
- Litigation Section