There have been reports, primarily from the Gulf region, of vessel engine failures caused by defective bunkers. Clogged fuel oil filters, jammed purifiers, and sticking/seized fuel pump plungers have resulted in engine shut-downs, with the cause being attributed to quality issues with the bunkers being burned at the time of the failures. The preliminary cause which is publicly available relates to the presence of phenolic compounds, specifically 4-cumyl-phenol, which are found in petrochemicals used in the production of resins and other products that require adhesive characteristics.
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