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August 23, 2023

Principle 8: Vertical Representation

To develop and maintain a relationship of trust, the same defense lawyer should continuously represent the client from assignment through disposition and sentencing in the trial court, which is known as "vertical" representation. Representation by the defense lawyer may be supplemented by specialty counsel, such as counsel with special expertise in forensic evidence, immigration, or mental health issues, as appropriate to the case. The defense lawyer assigned to a direct appeal should represent the client throughout the direct appeal.