The construction industry has significantly improved Bangladesh's economy, contributing greatly to its GDP. This growth is mainly due to the large workforce employed in this sector, which exceeds 60 million people, with 78% of them working in the establishmentConstruction workers in Bangladesh are among the most neglected laborers; many are informal workers who lack access to education and better job opportunities. Most construction sites do not follow proper recruitment processes as well as working processes, and labor laws are not adequately enforced. Despite the implementation of numerous regulations and codes, including ILO conventions, the Bangladesh Labor Act 2006, the Bangladesh Labor Rule 2015, and the Bangladesh National Building Code 2020, construction workers in Bangladesh frequently experience the denial of their rights as a result of the lack of proper recruitment process, the lack of contracts, appointment letters and identity
In Bangladesh, it has been seen almost in every construction sector the absence of a standard open and transparent recruitment procedure. The recruitment procedure in Bangladesh's construction sector frequently involves nepotism and favoritism due to informal networks and personal relationships. This strategy undercuts merit-based hiring and limits possibilities for capable candidates without powerful allies. There have been conducted two surveys among construction workers in Chattogram and Khulna, Bangladesh. Surveys found that informal contracts and frequent exploitation of construction workers are problems in Bangladesh. These contracts all inadequately guarantee their work security, access to benefits like health insurance and social security, and legal protection.
The vulnerability of workers is increased by the absence of formal employment agreements, which also makes it challenging for them to enforce their rights. Also, Significant gender discrepancies in the recruitment procedure in the construction sector have been conducted. Due to cultural norms, biases and a lack of employment possibilities, female employees face significant difficulties in accessing employment opportunities. Additionally, reports of discrimination and harassment against women throughout the recruitment process have exacerbated the existing gender gaps in the sector. According to the survey, a large number of Bangladeshi construction workers are unaware of their legal rights and the rules governing hiring practices. Due to their ignorance, they are more vulnerable to being exploited and find it difficult to demand fair treatment and decent working conditions. Moreover, the study finds that the recruitment procedure places insufficient emphasis on safety and security. It draws attention to situations in which workers are hired without having their abilities, credentials, or adherence to safety norms properly verified. Inadequately trained or inexperienced workers may be hired for risky construction tasks, which poses serious dangers to worker safety and wellbeing.