The award is conferred for exceptional achievements by an individual or organization that has been a champion and/or defender of human rights outside the United States, consistent with international human rights law. The nominee’s contributions should demonstrate leadership, dedication, courage, and perseverance in advancing human rights. The award recognizes contributions by a human rights champion or defender who works outside the United States or who worked outside the United States at the time the contributions were made. A nominated individual need not be a legal practitioner. A nominated organization need not be a legal services provider. Self-nominations are permitted.