Commission on IOLTA

Status of IOLTA Programs

IOLTA programs are created either by order of a jurisdiction's highest court order or by state statute. There are three types of programs:

  1. Mandatory, in which all lawyers in the jurisdiction who maintain client trust accounts must participate.
  2. Opt-out, in which all lawyers participate unless they affirmatively choose not to participate.
  3. Voluntary, in which lawyers must affirmatively decide to participate.

Mandatory

Opt-Out

Voluntary

Alabama - 2007
Arizona
Arkansas - 1995
California (L)
Colorado - 1989
Connecticut (L) - 1989
Delaware - 2010
District of Columbia - 2010
Florida - 1989
Georgia -1991
Hawaii - 1991
Idaho - 2012
Illinois - 1987
Indiana - 2005
Iowa
Kentucky - 2010
Louisiana - 1991
Maine - 2008
Maryland (L) - 1989
Massachusetts - 1990
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri - 2008
Mississippi - 2007
Montana - 1994
Nevada - 2008
New Hampshire - 2011
New Jersey - 1993
New Mexico - 2009
New York (L) - 1988
North Carolina - 2008
North Dakota -
Ohio (L)
Oklahoma - 2004
Oregon - 1989
Pennsylvania - 1996
Puerto Rico 
Rhode Island - 2009
South Carolina - 2005
South Dakota - 2017
Tennessee - 2009
Texas - 1989
Utah - 2005
Vermont - 1990
Washington
West Virginia - 1991
Wisconsin

Alaska
Kansas
Nebraska
Virginia
Wyoming

Virgin Islands

47

5

1

Notes:
For programs that have converted to mandatory from opt-out or voluntary, the year of conversion is noted. Programs lacking a year were mandatory programs from inception. Jurisdictions in Bold converted from voluntary status; Jurisdictions in italics converted from opt-out status.
(L) denotes programs created by state legislature. All other programs were created by state supreme courts.