A series of new cases raises questions about legal limits to state legislative authority to pass total or near-total abortion bans. In Tennessee and Idaho state courts, patients and physicians contend that the state laws implementing total, near-total, or six week bans on abortions violate rights guaranteed in their respective state constitutions, especially when uncertainty arises about treating pregnancies with emergent medical conditions. Similarly, a patient in Oklahoma filed a complaint with HHS contending that two Oklahoma hospitals that failed to abort a life-threatening molar pregnancy violated her rights under Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1395dd. These cases seek to build on a recent victory in Texas, where a state district court enjoined the state’s enforcement of its abortion ban in similar circumstances. That injunction has been stayed pending appeal.