Reprinted with permission from Dispute Resolution , Summer 2018, at 6-11. ©2018 by the American Bar Association. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved. This information or any or portion thereof may not be copied or disseminated in any form or by any means or stored in an electronic database or retrieval system without the express written consent of the American Bar Association.
When the United States Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it sought to recognize the legislative efforts of the recently assassinated President John F. Kennedy and bring to a culmination long-standing efforts by civil-rights advocates to outlaw racial and other discrimination. The Civil Rights Act, an omnibus bill that aimed to address discrimination in voting, public accommodation, education, and employment, established the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), an organization that in the past 50 years has become so well established that today many people know it only by its initials.