From Educating Children Without Housing: A Primer on Legal Requirements and Implementation Strategies for Educators, Advocates and Policymakers, 4th Edition, Preface
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act was enacted in 1987 as the first federal legislation intended to comprehensively combat homelessness. Title VII-B of the Act created the Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program, which authorized the appropriation of federal funds to states to ensure that children and youth experiencing homelessness receive a free, appropriate public education. The Act strives to facilitate academic success for students experiencing homelessness by giving students the right to remain in one school despite their residential mobility and guaranteeing access to all appropriate educational opportunities and services. The Act also aims to eliminate the barriers that can delay or prevent a homeless student’s access to public education. These barriers include proof of residency requirements, records requirements (including school records, birth certificates, and immunization and other medical records), guardianship requirements, and lack of transportation to school.