Although the goal of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) is to protect endangered and threatened species by restricting human use of their habitats, the statute has been accused of unduly impairing the ability of industry and property owners to productively use their land. Over the last decade, listing species under the ESA has substantially impacted economic interests, disproportionately affected energy producers, and burdened landowners. Modernizing the ESA could harmonize species conservation with oil and natural gas activities, wind farms, and hydropower operations.
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