Arbitration is the oldest form of dispute resolution. It has been in existence since at least 1400 bce. The common alternative dispute resolution (ADR) phrase “split the baby” comes from the story of King Solomon’s arbitration of a dispute over a child. In 1888 the United States passed the first Arbitration Act, and arbitration proceedings have been used ever since by individuals, businesses, unions, sports teams, and governments as an efficient, cost-effective, and in many instances private way to resolve disputes.
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