Tension with indigenous populations arising from the use and allocation of natural resources, and the level of protection and preservation to which those resources are entitled, has been constant in North America since the arrival of European explorers. In the recent past, these tensions manifested in conflicts over tribal treaty rights to fish in ceded territories in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota. These conflicts—which would collectively come to be called the “Walleye War,” reached their peak in the 1980s and 1990s and played out in courtrooms, at public boat landings, and on bodies of water throughout the upper Midwest.
Premium Content For:
- Environment, Energy, and Resources Section