Over a century ago, explorers traversed the ice and waters of the Antarctic and Arctic, pushing the boundaries of the polar frontier. As these explorers raced to the South and North Poles, they endured challenging conditions and encountered new climates and wildlife. Today, the Antarctic and Arctic represent a different kind of frontier––these regions are the site of experiments in international fisheries regulations. Two recent agreements illustrate this new frontier. First, a group of commercial fishing companies entered into a voluntary agreement in July 2018 to restrain from fishing krill near the Antarctic Peninsula in the Southern Ocean. Second, nine countries and the European Union (EU) agreed in October 2018 to prohibit commercial fishing in the Central Arctic Ocean.
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