In September 2017 Hurricanes Irma and Maria, both Category five storms, struck the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI), Puerto Rico, and several other Caribbean nations in a two-week period. The two hurricanes destroyed infrastructure, housing, public facilities, and the tourist-based economies of many islands. The hurricanes also created mountains of debris––in the USVI, over 580,000 cubic yards of debris were shipped off island in fall 2018.
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