The term “urban heat island effect” refers to a phenomenon that impacts numerous metropolitan centers throughout the United States and the world. Urban heat islands occur where cities are significantly warmer than their surrounding suburban and rural areas. The urban heat island effect is a result of how human beings build and utilize their cities. Cities that are classified as urban heat islands usually experience lower air quality and an increase in the production of pollutants, including ground-level ozone. These consequences, coupled with a continued focus on climate change, have spurred cities around the world to implement programs to tackle and mitigate the phenomenon.
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