May 26, 2020

Hatcheries in Lieu of Habitat: A Dubious Restoration Strategy for the Delta Smelt

Paul Stanton Kibel

Pursuant to the Endangered Species Act (ESA), in October 2019 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) issued a new Biological Opinion (BiOp) for joint operations of the Central Valley Project and the State Water Project (2019 USFWS BiOp). The Central Valley Project is operated by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), and the State Water Project is operated by the California Department of Water Resources, both divert freshwater from the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River watersheds.

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