Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), FASD is a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASD includes a range of disorders that depend on the type of symptoms the person experiences, including:
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FAS represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum. People with FAS might have abnormal facial features, growth problems, and central nervous system problems. They can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing. These symptoms may lead to difficulties in school and limited interpersonal skills.
- Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND). People with ARND might have intellectual disabilities, problems with behavior and learning, and difficulties with math, memory, attention, judgment, and poor impulse control.
- Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD). People with ARBD may have problems with their heart, kidneys, or bones, with hearing, or with a combination of these symptoms.