Even though tender offers and other business combination transactions may involve only non-U.S. companies, such transactions may nonetheless be subject to various U.S. laws and regulations, including U.S. federal securities laws and regulations. The application of U.S. federal securities laws and regulations generally depends on how the transaction is structured, whether any of the companies is subject to U.S. securities law reporting obligations, and whether any of the companies’ security holders are located or resident in the United States. This panel will provide an overview of U.S. federal securities laws and regulations applicable to cross-border tender offers and other business combination transactions involving, in the case of a tender offer, a "target" or, in the case of a business combination transaction not involving a tender offer, a "subject company" that is organized in a jurisdiction outside the United States. This panel will provide practitioners and other interested persons with a general guide regarding the substance and scope of the principal U.S. federal securities laws and regulations a practitioner might encounter in such transactions.
“Tender offer” refers generally to an offer by a bidder company to acquire shares of another company, whether for cash, securities, or a combination of the two, which is made directly to security holders of the target company and may or may not be supported by management of the target company; references to a “business combination transaction” mean a combination of two entities’ businesses by means of a tender offer or otherwise.
A fundamental goal of the U.S. securities laws is the protection of U.S. investors. The Commission has historically taken the view that U.S. securities laws potentially apply to any transaction that is conducted in the United States or that employs U.S. jurisdictional means.