Haiti’s troubled political history has impeded the country’s progress in justice sector development. Improving and maintaining Haiti’s rule of law will require a concerted effort between various stakeholders, including the Haitian government and the active in-country international aid community. Over time, there has been a spike in sexual and gender-based violence as well as in trafficking in persons, drugs and weapons. The rise in pre-trial detentions could also lead to increased human rights violations. Underlying these issues is a lack of a cohesive vision of criminal procedures among justice sector operators, which creates an obstacle to effective prosecution and adjudication of criminal cases.