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January 2022

Preliminary Gender and Inclusion Analysis for Moldova


This preliminary “Gender and Inclusion Analysis” was prepared through the joint effort of the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) and the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI). The analysis is based on desk research and qualitative data analysis. The desk research predominately covers the statistics and known facts regarding pertinent laws and policies, as well as applicable secondary sources for the Moldovan context. Qualitative data was collected in the form of key informant interviews between mid-February and mid-March 2021. Interviews were conducted in English, Romanian, and Russian. Quotes included from the interviews are transcribed and translated from interviews conducted in all three languages. CIPE and ABA ROLI identified key informants in consultation with their staff members, local partners and stakeholders in Moldova following the completion of a stakeholder analysis. A total of 30 respondents were interviewed across a range of backgrounds and perspectives to help inform the gender and inclusion analysis. Those backgrounds included in-country government decision makers, sociologists, development partners, women’s business associations, business associations that conduct programs for women, business associations with many women business owners, women entrepreneurs, civil society organizations, lawyers, and chamber of commerce representatives.

Executive Summary

Moldova has laws and programs aimed at ensuring gender equality and has ratified various international instruments to that effect, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and various International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions. The Constitution of Moldova guarantees access to justice and equality to all individuals, regardless of sex.1 However, despite the country’s comprehensive legal assurance of gender equality, Moldova lags in the implementation of these laws due to a lack of funding, accountability, and political will. As a result, Moldovan women do not enjoy equal rights with men in practice.

Read the Report

The statements and analysis contained in the report “Preliminary Gender & Inclusion Analysis for Moldova” are the work of the Women and Girls Empowered (WAGE) consortium, led by the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) in close partnership with the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), Grameen Foundation, and Search for Common Ground (Search). The Board of Governors of the American Bar Association (ABA) has neither reviewed nor sanctioned its content. Accordingly, the views expressed in the report should not be construed as representing the policy of the ABA. Furthermore, nothing contained in this report is to be considered rendering legal advice for specific cases, and readers are responsible for obtaining such advice from their own legal counsel.

This publication was funded by the United States Department of State through a grant provided to the WAGE consortium. All opinions, findings, and conclusions stated herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the United States Government, WAGE, or any members of the WAGE consortium.

About WAGE

Women and Girls Empowered (WAGE) is a global consortium to advance the status of women and girls, led by the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) in close partnership with the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), Grameen Foundation, and Search for Common Ground (Search). WAGE works to strengthen the capacity of civil society organizations (CSOs) and private sector organizations (PSOs) in target countries to improve the prevention of and response to gender-based violence; advance the women, peace and security agenda; and support women’s economic empowerment. In this context, WAGE provides direct assistance to women and girls, including information, resources, and services they need to succeed as active and equal participants in the global economy and public life. WAGE also engages in collaborative research and learning to build a body of evidence on relevant promising practices in these thematic areas. To account for the deeply interconnected nature of women’s and girls’ experiences, WAGE’s initiatives employ approaches that are highly collaborative, integrated, and inclusive. WAGE is funded by the U.S. Department of State Secretary’s Office of Global Women’s Issues.