Criminal Justice Magazine, Spring 2009 (Vol. 24/ No. 1)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Access to articles are limited to ABA members.)

FEATURES

Crime Victims’ Rights: From Illusion to Reality By Mary L. Boland and Russell Butler

Advocates for victims’ rights have long complained that they have been sidelined by a criminal justice system that is focused on the interplay between the state and the defendant. With the enactment of the Victims’ Bill of Rights Act of 2008, that is changing. The authors examine the current state of victims’ rights, the evolution of the enforcement mechanisms, and the emerging role of the criminal practitioner in regards to these rights.

Enhancing the Legal Profession’s Response to Victims of Child Abuse By Myrna S. Raeder

This second article on victims’ rights addresses the special concerns and requirements of dealing with child victims, especially those who are targets of sexual abuse. The author notes that new ABA child abuse victim policies were adopted at the 2009 Midyear Meeting and goes on to discuss how legal professionals can improve their interactions with child victims without curtailing the rights of the defendant. Topics include the use of child advocacy centers, interview techniques, preparing children to testify, child-friendly courtrooms, and alternatives to in-person testimony.

ABA Standards on DNA Evidence: Nontestimonial Identification Orders By Paul C. Giannelli

NTOs are not barred by the Fifth Amendment guarantee against self-incrimination, which courts have held does not apply to physical evidence such as fingerprints or oral swabs. But such procedures do raise important Fourth Amendment search and seizure questions. The author addresses these issues as well as the ABA Standards on DNA Evidence that support NTO procedures.

When Murder Alone Is Not Enough: Forfeiture of the Confrontation Clause After Giles By Josephine Ross

With the decision in Crawford v. Washington, forfeiture through wrongdoing became an important tool that could allow prosecutors to introduce out-of-court statements. As the state looked to expand the parameters of the forfeiture exception, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in Giles v. California in order to define the boundaries of such exceptions. In this article, the author examines the 2008 decision and its impact on prosecuting both murder and non-murder cases of domestic violence. Included are tips for both prosecutors and defense attorneys.

 

DEPARTMENTS

Chair’s Counsel : Letter to the White house

In Memoriam : Robert E. Shepherd, Jr.

Trial Tactics : Using Prior Statements

Ethics : Are We Blind to Innocence?

Federal Sentencing : "Intended Loss" Redefined in Fraud Cases

Cert Alert : Court Addresses Sentencing and Fourth Amendment Cases

Federal Rules Alert : Amendments to the Federal Rules of Procedure and Evidence

Section News

 

Criminal Justice Magazine

Criminal Justice magazine, published quarterly by the Criminal Justice Section of the American Bar Association, is intended for a national audience of defense lawyers, prosecutors, judges, academics, and other criminal justice professionals with a focus on the practice and policy issues of the criminal justice system. Each issue includes feature articles, as well as regular columns. In addition, there are occasional thematic issues which focus on one particular aspect of the criminal justice system.

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