Grades K-6: Fairness & Equal Treatment
A Famous Kansas Child
Activity: Fact & Opinion - Which Is It?
This is an optional follow-up activity that not only helps students learn to distinguish between fact and opinion but can also stimulate further discussion about the Brown case. Ask students to define the words fact and opinion. Give the following examples for students to distinguish as fact or opinion.
- We study more than one subject each day. (fact)
- Math is a more difficult subject than English. (opinion)
- Reading is the most important subject we study. (opinion)
When satisfied that students understand the difference between the two terms, have them distinguish fact from opinion in the statements below. The statements can be duplicated, or the teacher can read them aloud.
Which Is It?
Write F in the blank if the statement is a fact. Write O in the blank if the statement is an opinion.
____ 1. Linda Brown lived near the railroad switchyard.
____ 2. Living near a switchyard is fun.
____ 3. The Browns were happier than most families.
____ 4. Even if the bus had always been on time, Linda’s trip to school would still have been difficult.
____ 5. Sumner School was closer toLinda’s house than Monroe School.
____ 6. The principal at Sumner School was a very mean person.
____ 7. Sumner School was a better school than Monroe School.
____ 8. Children can learn more if they go to an integrated school.
____ 9. The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution guarantees equal protection to all citizens.
___ 10. Brown v. Board of Education was an important Supreme Court case because it ended segregation in our schools.
Answer Key for Which Is It?
Carol Roach is the author of the LIFE/LIBERTY/LAW curriculum series. As president of the Curriculum Leadership Institute (Emporia, KS), Carol writes and edits publications on current education practices, and serves as a consultant to school districts, consortia, education service agencies, and state departments of education nationwide. This article is adapted by permission from the magazine Update on Law-Related Education (Winter 1990). Portions of the strategy were adapted from Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality, by Richard Kluger (Alfred A. Knopf, New York).