After discriminating, therefore, in theory, the several classes of power, as they may in their nature be legislative, executive, or judiciary, the next and most difficult task is to provide some practical security for each, against the invasion of the others.
What this security ought to be, is the great problem to be solved.
1.What do you think Madison means by "free government," and, how much do you think Americans value that ideal today?
2. Do you agree that if one branch of government had an "overruling influence" over how the others used their power, we couldn't have a "free government"? Why?
3. How well do you think the Constitution resolves the "problem" identified by Madison?
4. Do you think that the way the separation of powers really works today leaves one or more branches of government more vulnerable to invasion than another? If so, which ones, and how?