Index by Subject

Formal Ethics Opinions Archive by Subject

The most recent opinions issued within the past year are available complimentary.

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  • Lawyers May use Groupon, with Certain Caveats, Formal Opinion 465
  • Lawyer websites require compliance with ethics rules on information about legal services and care as to truthfulness of information given, Formal Opinion 10-457

Advice to client

see Confidentiality
see also Fees
see also Client perjury
see also Communication with corporate employees
  • Misconduct discovered during in-house ethics consultation must be disclosed to the client if it is related to the representation, Formal Opinion 08-453
  • Fact of In-House ethics consultation need not be communicated to client unless the results require informing the client, Formal Opinion 08-453


see also Disclosure

Contact with with Jurors

Contingent fees

see also In-house counsel

  • Adverse information during bank examination, Formal Opinion 93-375
  • Client Due Diligence, Money Laundering, and Terrorist Financing, Formal Opinion 463
  • Court order, Transfer of asset to avoid judgment, Formal Opinion 98-412
  • Death of client, Formal Opinion 95-397
  • Disabled clients, disclosing condition to client's physician, Formal Opinion 96-404
  • Disclosure of confidential information for in-house ethics consultation is impliedly authorized, Formal Opinion 08-453
  • Disclosure of potential misconduct by firm lawyer discovered during in-house ethics consultation to firm management is mandated by rule on representing organization, Formal Opinion 08-453
  • If applicable law is unclear lawyer may notify opposing counsel when he is given copies of  lawyer-client communications from opposing party’s computer  in employer’s place of business, Formal Opinion 11-460
  • Lawyer not required by the rules to notify opposing counsel when he is given copies of  lawyer-client communications from opposing party’s office computer  in employer’s place of business, Formal Opinion 11-460
  • Lawyer's Responsibility with Relation to Client Perjury Formal Opinion 87-353
  • Metadata, Formal Opinion 06-442
  • Settlement negotiations, Formal Opinion 93-370
  • Statute of limitations, Formal Opinion 94-387
  • Unsolicited Receipt of Privileged or Confidential Materials Formal Opinion 06-440

Electronic Social Media

see also Division of fees, Arbitration and Mediation

see also Corporate counsel




  • Advising client about contact with opposing party not misconduct Formal Opinion 11-461

Sex with clients

Social Media