Research Data Bank

Research Data Bank


General Literature on Mental Health Issues in the Legal Profession

Barnett, Martha W. (2001) Integrating Treatment into the Justice System. American Bar Association: GP/Solo, 18(5).

Benjamin, G. Andrew H.; Kaszniak, Alfred; Sales, Bruce; Shanfield, Stephen B (Spring, 1986) The Role of Legal Education in Producing Psychological Distress among Law Students and Lawyers. American Bar Foundation Research Journal, 11(2):225-252.

Benjamin, G.A, Darling, E.J., and Sales, B. (1990) The Prevalence of Depression, Alcohol Abuse and Cocaine Abuse Amongst United States Lawyers. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 13(3):233-246.

Benjamin, G., Sales, B & Darling, E (1992) Comprehensive Lawyer Assistance Programs, Justification and Model, Law & Psychology Review, 16:113-136.

Huang, Peter and Swedloff, Rick (2008) Authentic Happiness & Meaning At Law Firms. Syracuse Law Review, Forthcoming; Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-52.

Jones, Nancy Byerly (2001) The Dangerous Link Between Chronic Office Chaos, Stress, Depression, and Substance Abuse. American Bar Association: GPSOLO, 18(5).  

Krieger, Lawrence S. and Sheldon, Kennon M. (February 20, 2014) What Makes Lawyers Happy? Transcending the Anecdotes with Data from 6200 Lawyers . FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 667.

Lesnick, Howard; Seitelman, Jeffrey K; and Benjamin S. Siegel. (Feb., 1986) Lawyers and Doctors Face the Perils of Practice. The Hastings Center Report, 16(1):46.

Pfeiffer, Sacha (2007) Law and a disorder: As profession changes, support group sees more attorneys seeking mental health help. The Boston Globe. June 27.

Schiltz, Patrick, J (1999) On Being a Happy, Healthy, and Ethical Member of an Unhappy, Unhealthy, and Unethical Profession. Vanderbilt Law Review, 52:874-81

Seligman, Martin E., Verkuil, Paul R., & Hang, Terry H. (2001) Why Lawyers are Unhappy. Cardozo Law Review, 23:33.

Alcohol and Drug Issues in the Legal Profession

Allan, Rick (1997) Alcoholism, Drug Abuse and Lawyers: Are We Ready to Address the Denial? Creighton Law Review, 31(1).  

Beck, Connie; Sales, Bruce; and Benjamin, Andrew (1995) Lawyer Distress: Alcohol-Related Problems and Other Psychological Concerns Among a Sample of Practicing Lawyers. Journal of Law and Health, 10(1).

Bloom, Michael A & Carol Lynn Wallinger (1988) Lawyers and Alcoholism: Is it Time for a New Approach? Temple Law Review, 61:1409.

Drogin, Eric (1991) Alcoholism in the Legal Profession: Psychological and Legal Perspectives and Interventions. Law & Psychology Review, 15. 

Edwards, Timothy D. & Van Rybroek, Gregory (2007) Addiction and Attorneys: Confronting the Denial, Wisconsin Lawyer.

Greiner, Mary (2001) Demystifying 12-Step Programs. American Bar Association: GPSOLO, 18(5).

McAlpin, Cindy (2006) Bumps in the Road III: Out of the Shadows Women and Addiction. American Bar Association: GPSOLO, 23(8).

Shore, Elsie (2001) Relationships Between Drinking and Type of Practice among U.S. Female and Male Attorneys. Journal of Social Psychology, 141(5):650-659.

Depression in the Legal Profession

Benzoni, Jim (2012) Depression: The Soul Speaks. The Iowa Lawyer, 72(6).  

Eaton, W., Anthony, J. C., Mandell, W. M., & Garrison, R. A. (1990). Occupations and the prevalence of major depressive disorder. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 32(11):1079-1087.     

Goren, T., & Smith, B. (2001). Depression as a mitigating factor in lawyer discipline. Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, 14(4):1081-1098.

Hagan, John and Kay, Fiona (March 2007) Even Lawyers Get the Blues: Gender, Depression, and Job Satisfaction in Legal Practice. Law & Society Review, 41(1):51-78.         

Pulliam, Page Thead (2008) Lawyer Depression: Taking a Closer Look at First-Time Ethics Offenders. The Journal of the Legal Profession, 32:289.

State Bar of Montana (2012) Special Issue on Lawyers, Depression, and Suicide. Montana Lawyer, 37(8).  

Syverud, K., & Schiltz, P. (1999). On being a happy, healthy, and ethical member of an unhappy, unhealthy, and unethical profession. Vanderbilt Law Review, 52(4):869-951.

Secondary Trauma in the Legal Profession

Murray, D. C., & Royer, J. M. (2008). The cost of justice: a desk manual on vicarious trauma. vicarious traumatization: The corrosive consequences of law practice for criminal justice and family law practitioners 

Oregon Attorney Assistance Program (2011) A Traumatic Toll on Lawyers and Judges. In Sight for Oregon Lawyers and Judges, 80.

Levin, Andrew; Besser, Avi; Albert, Linda; Smith, Deborah; and Neria, Yuval (2012) The Effect of Attorneys’ Work With Trauma-Exposed Clients on PTSD Symptoms, Depression, and Functional Impairment: A Cross-Lagged Longitudinal Study. Law and Human Behavior.  

Levin, Andrew; Albert, Linda; Besser, Avi; Smith, Deborah; Zelenski, Alex; Rosenkranz, Stacey; and Neria, Yuval (2011) Secondary Traumatic Stress in Attorneys and Their Administrative Support Staff Working With Trauma-Exposed Clients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199(12): 946-55.  

Molvig, Dianne (2011) The Toll of Trauma. Wisconsin Lawyer. Winter Issue.

Stress and Burnout in the Legal Profession

Jackson, Susan; Turner, Jon A.; Brief, Arthur P. (Oct. 1987) Correlates of Burnout Among Public Service Lawyers. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 8(4):339-349.  

Schenker, Marc, Eaton, Muzza, Green, Rochelle & Samuels, Steven (1997) Self-Reported Stress and Reproductive Health of Female Lawyers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 39(6):556-568.

Gambling in the Legal Profession

Ashe, Paul R (2001) Other Bumps in the Road: Gambling. American Bar Association: GPSOLO, Volume 18, Number 5.

Chadwick, Meloney Crawford (2004) Bumps in the Road II. American Bar Association: GPSOLO, 21(7).

Law Students and Mental Health

Ass’n of American Law Schools Comm. (1993) Report of the AALS Special Committee on the Problem of Substance Abuse in Law Schools.  

Benjamin, G. Andrew H; Kaszniak, Alfred; Sales, Bruce; Shanfield, Stephen. (Spring 1986). The Role of Legal Education in Producing Psychological Distress among Law Students and Lawyers. American Bar Foundation Research Journal, 11(2):225-252.

Boston, Gerald W (1997) Chemical Dependency in Legal Education: Problems and Strategies, 76 Mich. B.J. 298-301.

Dammeyer, Matthew and Narina Nunez. Anxiety and Depression among Law Students: Current Knowledge and Future Directions. Law and Human Behavior, 23(1):55-73.    

Executive Summary of the Report of the Association of American Law School’s Special Committee on Problems of Substance Abuse in Law Schools, 44 J. Legal Educ. 35-80 (1994)

Jolly-Ryan, Jennifer (2009) Promoting Mental Health In Law School: What Law Schools Can Do For Law Students To Help Them Become Happy, Mentally Healthy Lawyers. University of Louisville Law Review, 48:95.

Kreiger, Lawrence S. and Sheldon, Kennon M., Does Legal Education Have Negative Effects on Law Students? Evaluating Changes in Motivation, Values, and Well-Being (September 2002). FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 65.

Maloney, Bridget A (2001) Distress Among the Legal Profession: What Law Schools Can Do About It. Thomas J. White Center on Law & Government Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Polic, 15:307.

McKinney, Ruth Ann (2000) Depression and Anxiety in Law Students: Are We Part of the Problem and Can We Be Part of the Solution? The Journal of the Legal Writing Institute Conference. July 19-22.