Status of IOLTA Programs

Status of IOLTA Programs

IOLTA programs are created either by order of a jurisdiction's highest court order or by state statute. There are three types of programs:
(1) Mandatory, in which all lawyers in the jurisdiction who maintain client trust accounts must participate.
(2) Opt-out, in which all lawyers participate unless they affirmatively choose not to participate.
(3) Voluntary, in which lawyers must affirmatively decide to participate.

Mandatory

Opt-Out

Voluntary

Alabama
Arizona
Arkansas
California (L)
Colorado
Connecticut (L)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland (L)
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Mississippi
Montana
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York (L)
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio (L)
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico 
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alaska
Kansas
Nebraska
Virginia

South Dakota
Virgin Islands

47

4

2

Notes:
Jurisdictions in bold converted from voluntary status.
Jurisdictions in italic converted from opt-out status.
(L) denotes programs created by state legislature (state statute). All other programs were created by state Supreme Court order.

Updated: 12/04/2014

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