Juvenile Justice E-Newsletter (No. 4, March 2010)

Juvenile Justice E-Newsletter (No. 4, March 2010)

ABA Adopts Policy to Limit Collateral Consequences for Juvenile Offenders

The American Bar Association recently passed a resolution urging federal, state, territorial and local governments to limit the collateral consequences imposed on citizens as a result of contact with the juvenile justice system.  SEE MORE

US Supreme Court Watch:  An Overview of Graham v. Florida

Does life without parole for non-homicidal crimes committed by juveniles violate the 8 th Amendment?

By Bob Costello

Florida has 77 of the 106 people in the United States serving life sentences without the possibility of parole for non-homicidal crimes committed as juveniles. Terrance Graham was 16 when he was an accomplice to an armed burglary and attempted armed robbery of a restaurant.  Graham was charged as an adult and pled guilty to the two charges.   The trial judge withheld adjudication and gave Graham 3 years probation, 12 months in the county detention center (Graham had 101 days credit), and 100 hours of community service.   The court also certified Graham as an adult for future violations of Florida law. SEE MORE

Restorative Justice for Juveniles in Northern Ireland

By Kerri O’Loane

To understand Restorative Justice programs for young people in Northern Ireland, it is essential to understand that Restorative Justice has its origins in the violent conflict between the Loyalist Protestants and Republican Catholics from the late 1960s to the mid 1990s. SEE MORE

Are Juveniles Being Heard?

By Stephen S. Schofield

According to a December 2009 bulletin from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention 2.1, million juveniles were arrested in the United States in 2008. At a time when juvenile crime is on the evening news and children are committing what to some appear to be unthinkable crimes, it is important to remember that they are still children. However, at the same time In re Gault, a 40-year-old landmark Supreme Court decision states, “But, under our Constitution the condition of being a boy does not justify a kangaroo court.” So, what stands between a juvenile and a kangaroo court? The parents, according to the US Census bureau in 2006 there were 12.9 million one-parent families. The judge, maybe in a juvenile court but the rate of transfer from juvenile to adult criminal court has increased dramatically in all fifty states since 1995. What’s left? The child’s lawyer must be well trained, and well resourced in order for them to successfully defend their child client. This article explores just what that means. SEE MORE

The State of Criminal Justice: Juvenile Justice

By John D. “Jay” Elliott

Wilkes-Barre , Pennsylvania is a coal-mining town along the Susquehanna River, in the Wyoming Valley.  A town of about 40,000 people, it is the county seat for Luzerne, in the northeast part of the state.   It is also the epicenter of one of the most scandalous stories about the justice system in the country, involving allegations of bribery and kickbacks to judges from the operation of private juvenile detention facilities.   Its implications for juvenile justice will likely set the tone for reforms for the next several years. SEE MORE

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Edited by: Gretta Walters, Tim Whooley, Meghan Wood, Kyo Suh and Chris Gowen

The opinions expressed are those of the authors and shall not be construed to represent the policies or positions of the ABA or the ABA Criminal Justice Section.

If you would like to respond to one of these articles or write your own article for the next issue of the Juvenile Justice E-Newsletter, please email Chris Gowen at gowenc@staff.abanet.org

The American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section
740 15th Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20005
Phone: (202) 662-1500, Fax: (202) 662-1501
Email:
crimjustice@abanet.org   Web: www.abanet.org/crimjust    

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