Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl, 133 S. Ct. 2552 (2013). Indian father never had physical custody of child under state law. Thus, since child was born out of wedlock, an ICWA provision requiring active efforts to prevent the breakup of an Indian family and provision requiring evidence that continued custody would seriously harm child, did not bar termination. CLP Summary
Chafin v. Chafin,No. 11–1347 (U.S., Feb. 19 2013). The return of a child to a foreign country pursuant to an order under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction does not render an appeal of that order moot. CLP Summary
Miller v. Alabama, No. 10-9646 and Jackson v. Hobbs, No. 10-9647 (U.S. June 25, 2012). The Court eliminated the mandatory imposition of a sentence of life without parole on juvenile offenders.