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Peru Background

The ABA Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI), funded by the U.S. Department of State, supports Peru’s transition to an accusatorial criminal justice system and its implementation of a new Criminal Procedure Code (CPC). ABA ROLI works in coordination with the Peruvian government to strengthen justice sector operators’ capacity to effectively process cases under the accusatorial system, as well as to mobilize support for criminal justice reforms among the justice sector, civil society and the general public.

The political and social conditions of the 1980s and 1990s led to a loss of confidence in government institutions, especially the judicial system. An increased perception of institutional inefficiency further weakened the Peruvian justice sector.

Over the past decade, however, the government has undertaken a series of reforms to address these concerns by strengthening justice sector institutions. One such measure is the implementation of the new CPC—a process which began in 2006 and is scheduled for completion in December 2013. In an effort to support these advancements, ABA ROLI is training justice sector operators on trial advocacy skills and investigative techniques under the accusatorial system. ABA ROLI is also conducting public outreach to help promote awareness of the new system.