The American Bar Association initiated its program in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in December 1996 with the placement of its first rule of law liaison in Sarajevo; in 1998, the ABA began its criminal law reform work. The ABA maintained an additional office in Banja Luka from 1998 to 2003.
The ABA has historically focused its BiH programs on judicial and legal profession reform, in addition to promoting alternative dispute resolution and supporting free access to information through a public advocacy center. In 2005, the ABA began to implement a new project focusing on skills-based legal education reform, through activities such as the development of law school clinical programs, internships and moot court competitions. Through its criminal law reform program, the ABA conducts training programs for prosecutors, judges, investigators and defense attorneys and works to strengthen the operation of criminal justice institutions, such as prosecutors' offices, investigative bodies, and professional associations.
Also active in BiH is the Stability Pact Anti-corruption Initiative Regional Secretariat Liaison Office (SPAI RSLO).