Criminal Law Reform and Anti-Human Trafficking
Building forensic capacity
The ABA Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) worked with local governmental and non-governmental institutions to enhance their capacity to collect ante mortem
data, to conduct exhumations and forensic analyses and to increase the availability, accuracy and admissibility of criminal evidence to help combat impunity for major human rights violations, including forced disappearances and extrajudicial killings. This comprehensive program featured activities designed to educate communities affected by gross human rights violations about their rights and legal remedies. It also informed them about the importance of forensic evidence in establishing accountability and elicited their cooperation in identifying burial sites and sharing their testimonies. Program activities, including trainings and consultancies by ABA ROLI pro bono
experts, were aimed at boosting the technical competency of institutions to conduct forensic evaluations and preserve, compile and prepare reliable DNA evidence and to enhance the capacity of justice sector personnel to use DNA evidence to pursue legal claims against perpetrators of human rights abuses.
The program, funded by the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, drew on the specialized skills of a leading Nepali human rights non-governmental organization, Advocacy Forum, the National Human Rights Commission, the National Forensic Science Laboratory and an internationally recognized forensic anthropology organization.